Gum Disease

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Gum Disease

Gum disease affects the tissues surrounding your teeth. In adults, gum disease is the leading cause for dental problems! It may be hard to know if you have gum disease because it usually does not have noticeable effects, like pain. Your dentist, hygienists, and assistants are all knowledgeable in the signs and symptoms and with regular check ups, you can combat and avoid gum disease.

Some problems can lead to or be caused from gum disease, including:

  • bleeding gums
  • tender, swollen, and/or red gums
  •  bad breath or taste in your mouth
  • loose teeth
  • change in your bite
  • change in the way your partial denture fits

Developing gum disease is more likely with some factors:

  •  poor oral hygiene
  • smoking / tobacco use
  • certain medications
  • diabetes
  • crooked teeth that are difficult to clean
  • pregnancy

The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis, which includes symptoms of red, swollen, and bleeding gums. Luckily, gingivitis is reversible in most cases! Receiving a deep cleaning from your dental hygienist can help you regain a healthy smile, accompanied by daily brushing and flossing.

Periodontitis is an advanced type of gum disease. Almost half of all adults in the United States suffer with chronic periodontitis! Over time, the tissues and bone are both affected. The most destructive form of gum disease is aggressive periodontitis and causes rapid loss of both bone and tissues and could occur in the entire mouth.

Research is showing a link to the onset of systemic diseases (such as heart disease) to periodontal disease.

It is important to schedule regular dental check ups and cleanings. Outside of the dental office, great oral hygiene helps maintain your natural smile for a lifetime!